The macula is a small area of the retina at the back of the eye that allows us to see details clearly. If it does not work well, central vision is damaged with dark areas, blurry or distorted.
The 70% of the predisposition to Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is genetic, but environmental factors (smoking, skin pigmentation, hypertension, UV radiation or diet) may also contribute. It is the leading cause of vision loss in people over 65 years old and if it only affects only one eye, it can be undetected in its first stage.
An early detection is important in order to take preventive measures and / or improve the outcome of treatment
Echevarne offers a Test that analyzes four genetic genes related to the production of free radicals or with the inflammatory response, which stimulates the development of this disease. The percentage of risk is determined by calculating the probability and impact of each of the genetic risk factors and protective analyzed.
Moderate - high risk can mean to be 2 - 5 times more likely to develop AMD than a person without genetic marker
- Patients in early stage
- Relatives of people with AMD
- Smokers and people with obesity, hypertension and diabetes