Early detection of periodontal disease
Early bacterial agent detection is useful to ascertain specific antibiotic for treatment. The diagnostic test is performed from a painless dental plaque sample. It is based on a molecular technique focused on identifying the group of bacteria in the sulcus between the tooth and gum.
After initial treatment, you can repeat the test to verify the effectiveness of therapy:
- DNA extraction
- PCR amplification
- Hybridization using specific probes
Upon with a microbial infection, our body responds by activating immune system cells.
The study of genetic predisposition to periodontal disease is useful both for the patients and for their descendants. It is important to know in advance which of the patient's children have inherited this genetic variation and to what extent, to take appropriate preventive measures.
PERIODONTITIS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SYSTEMIC DISEASE AND DIABETES OR AS A CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
Diabetics with advanced periodontitis have 3 times the risk of cardiorenal mortality (ischemic heart disease and diabetic nephropathy combined) than diabetics without periodontitis1.
The relation between periodontal disease and cardiovascular risk evident in cardiovascular diseases in which there is damage to the arteries, as this involves a inflammation process2. Diseases affecting the gums are a risk factor for coronary events, such as myocardial infarction or stroke. Periodontal Patients can have between 25 and 50% more likely to suffer a cardiovascular pathology.
1 Periodontal Disease and Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes; Diabetes Care, Volume 28, Number 1, January 2005
2 Periodontal Disease and Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease: Does the Evidence Support an Independent Association? A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association; November 2012