Asbestos, a naturally occurring mineral substance (fibrous silicate), with crystal structure available in fine fibers, their chemical properties (heat resistance, thermal and acoustic insulation, resistance to friction and chemical agents, low electrical conductivity) and low cost, has been used in the manufacture of many products, most of which remain installed as a building material (cement, ceiling plates, thermal and acoustic insulation, fire protection of structures, vinyl flooring, etc.). in many buildings and facilities.
Asbestos is classified as a carcinogen group 1 (C1), according to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
Spain prohibits the use, production and marketing of asbestos by 12/07/2001 Ministerial Order (BOE No 299 of 14.12.2001). And subsequently there are no longer cases of occupational exposure to asbestos in manufacturing processes. In operations and activities in which workers are exposed or are likely to be exposed to asbestos fibers or materials containing (work: demolition, dismantling or removal of asbestos containing materials, maintenance, repair, work transportation, treatment and destruction of wastes containing asbestos approved landfills for asbestos waste and such other activities or operations that handled materials containing asbestos), will apply Royal Decree 396/2006 (BOE No 86 of 04.11.2006) laying down minimum safety and health requirements for work involving the risk of exposure to asbestos.
Asbestos in air:*
• Quantification of asbestos fibers.
• Identification and transmission.
• Identification of asbestos fibers by polarized light microscopy and dispersion.
• Identification of asbestos fibers by transmission electron microscopy.
• Inspection and diagnosis of asbestos in buildings, facilities, ships and soil.
* Acreditted trials by ISO / IEC 17025